Poland syndrome most often affects the right side of the body, and occurs more often in males than in females.
The complete or partial absence of the pectoralis muscle, is the malformation that defines Poland Syndrome. It can be treated by the insertion of a custom implant designed by CAD (computer aided design). A 3D reconstruction of the patient's chest is performed from a medical scanner, to design a virtual implant perfectly adapted to the anatomy of each one.
The Poland syndrome malformations being morphological, correction by custom implant is a first-line treatment. This technique allows a wide variety of patients to be treated with good outcomes. Poland Syndrome can be associated with bones, subcutaneous and mammary atrophy: if the first, as for pectus excavatum, is successfully corrected by a custom implant, the others can require surgical intervention such as lipofilling or silicone breast implant, in a second operation.